ƒฉƒรƒาƒศ?ƒยƒฟ

ƒฑƒอ ƒ ƒษƒาƒิ?, ƒล ƒมƒฯƒฟƒำƒวƒศ? ƒฟƒมƒศƒฟƒษƒว? ƒัƒล? ƒฉƒรƒาƒศ?ƒยƒฟ?
ƒชƒฟƒฯ?ƒหƒฟ ƒฉƒรƒาƒศ?ƒยƒฟ?
ƒชƒฟƒฯ?ƒหƒฟ ƒฉƒรƒาƒศ?ƒยƒฟ?
ƒฑƒอ ƒฉƒฟƒอƒมƒฯƒฟƒำƒวƒศ? ƒชƒอƒาƒะƒร?ƒอ ƒจƒฟƒฯƒา??
ƒญƒว ƒฃƒมƒศƒฯƒรƒสƒหƒอ?
ƒญ ?ƒมƒวƒอ? ƒซƒวƒศ?ƒัƒฟ?
ƒฑƒอ ƒ ƒษƒาƒิ? ƒศƒฟƒว ƒัƒอ ƒก?ƒหƒว ƒฟƒฮ? ƒีƒลƒษ?
?ƒฮƒอƒีƒล ƒัƒล? ƒ ƒฟƒะƒวƒษƒวƒศ??
ƒฎ?ƒฯƒัƒอ ƒจƒฟƒัƒะ?ƒศƒว
ƒฑƒอ ƒำƒฯƒอ?ƒฯƒวƒอ ƒัƒล? ƒŸƒม?ƒฟ? ƒชƒฟ?ƒฯƒฟ?
ƒฎ?ƒษƒล ƒฉƒรƒาƒศ?ƒยƒฟ?
ƒฑƒอ ƒซƒาƒยƒฯ?
ƒฅ ƒชƒฟƒยƒอƒาƒฯ?
ƒฑƒอ ƒอƒหƒอƒสƒฟƒะƒั? ƒจ?ƒฦƒวƒะƒสƒฟ
ƒฑƒอ ƒรƒฬƒึƒัƒวƒศ? ƒฎ?ƒฯƒัƒอ ƒจƒฟƒัƒะ?ƒศƒว
15 ƒำƒึƒัƒอƒมƒฯƒฟƒำ?ƒร?
ƒณƒึƒั?:

ƒฃƒจƒฑƒŸƒฐƒฅ: 294,5 ƒั. ƒิƒษƒส ƒŸƒจƒฑƒญƒกƒฏƒŸƒชƒชƒฅ: 116,5 ƒิƒษƒส ƒฎƒฉƒฅƒฆƒฒƒฐƒชƒญƒฐ: 22.506

ƒŸƒฮ?ƒหƒฟƒหƒัƒว ƒฟƒฮ? ƒัƒว? ƒฟƒศƒฟƒฯƒหƒฟƒหƒวƒศ?? ƒฟƒศƒั??, ƒล ƒฉƒรƒาƒศ?ƒยƒฟ ƒฬƒรƒิƒึƒฯ?ƒฤƒรƒว ƒฟƒฮ? ?ƒษƒฟ ƒัƒฟ ƒหƒลƒะƒว? ƒัƒอƒา Iƒอƒห?ƒอƒา ƒมƒวƒฟ ƒัƒลƒห ƒร?ƒศƒอƒษƒล ƒฮƒฯ?ƒะƒภƒฟƒะƒล - ƒะƒาƒหƒย?ƒรƒัƒฟƒว ƒอƒยƒวƒศ?? ƒสƒร ƒัƒลƒห ƒลƒฮƒรƒวƒฯƒึƒัƒวƒศ? ƒฃƒษƒษ?ƒยƒฟ. E?ƒหƒฟƒว ƒหƒลƒะ? ƒสƒร ƒึƒฯƒฟ?ƒร? ƒฟƒศƒฯƒอƒมƒวƒฟƒษƒว??, ƒสƒฟƒมƒรƒาƒัƒวƒศ?? ƒฮƒฟƒฯƒฟƒษ?ƒร?, ƒศƒฟƒั?ƒำƒาƒัƒร? ƒฮƒรƒฯƒวƒอƒิ??, ƒอƒฯƒรƒวƒห? ƒฮƒฟƒฯƒฟƒยƒอƒะƒวƒฟƒศ? ƒิƒึƒฯƒว?, ƒศƒาƒฯ?ƒึ? ƒะƒัƒลƒห ƒรƒหƒยƒอƒิ?ƒฯƒฟ, ƒศƒฟƒว ƒมƒฯƒฟƒำƒวƒศƒอ?? ƒฮƒฟƒฯƒฟƒษƒวƒฟƒศƒอ?? ƒอƒวƒศƒวƒะƒสƒอ??. ƒฑƒล ƒฉƒรƒาƒศ?ƒยƒฟ ƒะƒัƒอƒษ?ƒฤƒอƒาƒห ƒัƒฟ ƒยƒฟƒะƒึƒส?ƒหƒฟ ƒหƒลƒะ?ƒศƒวƒฟ ƒะƒัƒว? ƒฟƒหƒฟƒัƒอƒษƒวƒศ?? ƒฟƒศƒั?? ƒัƒล?. ƒฑƒอ ƒหƒลƒะ? ?ƒิƒรƒว ƒสƒฟƒศƒฯ? ƒฮƒฟƒฯ?ƒยƒอƒะƒล ƒะƒัƒอƒห ƒัƒอƒส?ƒฟ ƒัƒึƒห ƒมƒฯƒฟƒสƒส?ƒัƒึƒห ƒศƒฟƒว ƒัƒึƒห ƒัƒรƒิƒห?ƒห. Aƒฮ? ƒัƒล ƒฉƒรƒาƒศ?ƒยƒฟ ƒศƒฟƒั?ƒมƒอƒหƒัƒฟƒห, ƒสƒรƒัƒฟƒฬ? ?ƒษƒษƒึƒห, ƒอƒว Iƒึ?ƒหƒหƒล? ƒศƒฟƒว ƒฐƒฮƒาƒฯ?ƒยƒึƒห Zƒฟƒสƒฮ?ƒษƒวƒอ?, Iƒึ?ƒหƒหƒล? ƒฐƒัƒฟƒสƒฟƒั?ƒษƒอ?, ƒŸƒหƒยƒฯ?ƒฟ? ƒศƒฟƒว ƒฐƒฮƒาƒฯ?ƒยƒึƒห Bƒษƒฟƒหƒั??, N?ƒศƒอ? Kƒฟƒัƒลƒำ?ƒฯƒล?, N?ƒศƒอ? ƒฐƒภƒอƒฯ?ƒหƒอ?, ƒศƒฟƒฦ?? ƒศƒฟƒว ƒอƒว ƒฮƒอƒวƒลƒั?? Aƒฯƒวƒะƒัƒอƒั?ƒษƒล? Bƒฟƒษƒฟƒึƒฯ?ƒัƒล? ƒศƒฟƒว ?ƒมƒมƒรƒษƒอ? ƒฐƒวƒศƒรƒษƒวƒฟƒห??. ƒตƒลƒษ?ƒัƒรƒฯƒล ƒศƒอƒฯƒาƒำ? ƒัƒอƒา ƒหƒลƒะƒวƒอ? ƒร?ƒหƒฟƒว ƒอ ƒฐƒัƒฟƒาƒฯƒึƒั??, ƒะƒัƒอ ?ƒฯƒอ? ƒฃƒษ?ƒัƒล, 1.182 ƒส.

ƒงƒฐƒฑƒญƒฏƒงƒจƒฅ ƒฑƒŸƒฒƒฑƒญƒฑƒฅƒฑƒŸ

ƒฅ ƒฉƒรƒาƒศ?ƒยƒฟ ƒศƒฟƒัƒอƒวƒศ?ƒฦƒลƒศƒร ƒฟƒฮ? ƒัƒล ƒช?ƒะƒล ƒฎƒฟƒษƒฟƒวƒอƒษƒวƒฦƒวƒศ? Eƒฮƒอƒิ?. ƒฑƒฟ ƒฟƒหƒฟƒะƒศƒฟƒำƒวƒศ? ƒรƒาƒฯ?ƒสƒฟƒัƒฟ ƒอƒยƒลƒมƒอ?ƒห ƒะƒัƒลƒห ƒาƒฮ?ƒฦƒรƒะƒล ?ƒัƒว ƒอƒว ƒฮƒฯ?ƒัƒอƒว ?ƒฮƒอƒวƒศƒอƒว ?ƒำƒฦƒฟƒะƒฟƒห ƒะƒัƒอ ƒหƒลƒะ? ƒะƒัƒฟ ƒั?ƒษƒล ƒัƒล? ƒŸƒฯƒิƒฟƒว?ƒัƒรƒฯƒล? ƒซƒรƒอƒษƒวƒฦƒวƒศ?? ƒฎƒรƒฯƒว?ƒยƒอƒา (ƒม?ƒฯƒึ ƒะƒัƒอ 5900 ƒฮ.ƒด.), ƒฮƒฯƒอƒรƒฯƒิ?ƒสƒรƒหƒอƒว ?ƒะƒึ? ƒฟƒฮ? ƒัƒลƒห ƒรƒหƒยƒอƒิ?ƒฯƒฟ ƒัƒล? ƒซ?ƒัƒวƒฟ? ƒ ƒฟƒษƒศƒฟƒหƒวƒศ??. H ƒฟƒหƒฦƒฯ?ƒฮƒวƒหƒล ƒฮƒฟƒฯƒอƒาƒะ?ƒฟ ƒศƒฟƒว ƒยƒฯƒฟƒะƒัƒลƒฯƒว?ƒัƒลƒัƒฟ ƒะƒาƒหƒรƒิ?ƒะƒัƒลƒศƒร ƒศƒฟƒั? ƒัƒลƒห ƒฎƒฯ?ƒวƒสƒล ƒฃƒฮƒอƒิ? ƒัƒอƒา ƒดƒฟƒษƒศƒอ? ƒศƒฟƒว ƒัƒล ƒชƒรƒะƒอƒรƒษƒษƒฟƒยƒวƒศ? ƒฃƒฮƒอƒิ?. ƒฃƒษ?ƒิƒวƒะƒัƒฟ ƒร?ƒหƒฟƒว ƒัƒฟ ƒฟƒฯƒิƒฟƒวƒอƒษƒอƒมƒวƒศ? ƒยƒรƒยƒอƒส?ƒหƒฟ ƒศƒฟƒว ƒอƒว ƒำƒวƒษƒอƒษƒอƒมƒวƒศ?? ƒสƒฟƒฯƒัƒาƒฯ?ƒร? ƒมƒวƒฟ ƒัƒอ ƒิƒฯƒอƒหƒวƒศ? ƒยƒว?ƒะƒัƒลƒสƒฟ ƒฟƒฮ? ƒัƒล ƒชƒาƒศƒลƒหƒฟ?ƒศ? ƒฎƒรƒฯ?ƒอƒยƒอ ?? ƒัƒอ ƒัƒรƒษƒรƒาƒัƒฟ?ƒอ ƒั?ƒัƒฟƒฯƒัƒอ ƒัƒอƒา 7ƒอƒา ƒฟƒว. ƒฮ.ƒด. ƒฎƒรƒฯ? ƒัƒฟ ƒั?ƒษƒล ƒัƒอƒา ƒฟƒว?ƒหƒฟ ƒฟƒาƒัƒอ? ƒจƒอƒฯ?ƒหƒฦƒวƒอƒว ƒศƒฟƒั?ƒษƒฟƒภƒฟƒห ƒศƒฟƒว ƒรƒฮƒอ?ƒศƒวƒะƒฟƒห ƒัƒล ƒซ?ƒฯƒวƒศƒอ, ƒฮƒฟƒษƒฟƒว? ƒฮƒฯƒึƒัƒร?ƒอƒาƒะƒฟ ƒัƒอƒา ƒหƒลƒะƒวƒอ?. ƒจƒฟƒั? ƒัƒล ƒยƒว?ƒฯƒศƒรƒวƒฟ ƒัƒอƒา 5ƒอƒา ƒฟƒว. ƒฮ.ƒด. ƒัƒอ ƒหƒลƒะ? ƒมƒห?ƒฯƒวƒะƒร ƒฮƒรƒฯ?ƒอƒยƒอ ƒฟƒศƒส?? ƒศƒฟƒว ?ƒษƒฟƒภƒร ƒส?ƒฯƒอ? ƒั?ƒะƒอ ƒะƒัƒอƒา? ƒฎƒรƒฯƒะƒวƒศƒอ?? ƒฎƒอƒษ?ƒสƒอƒา? ?ƒะƒอ ƒศƒฟƒว ƒะƒัƒอƒห ƒฎƒรƒษƒอƒฮƒอƒหƒหƒลƒะƒวƒฟƒศ? ƒฎ?ƒษƒรƒสƒอ, ƒะƒัƒอ ƒฮƒษƒรƒาƒฯ? ƒัƒล? Kƒอƒฯ?ƒหƒฦƒอƒา. ƒชƒรƒั? ƒัƒล ƒส?ƒิƒล ƒัƒล? ƒดƒฟƒวƒฯ?ƒหƒรƒวƒฟ? (338 ƒฮ.ƒด.) ƒศƒฟƒัƒฟƒษ?ƒำƒฦƒลƒศƒร ƒฟƒฮ? ƒัƒอ ƒณ?ƒษƒวƒฮƒฮƒอ ƒ ' ƒศƒฟƒว ƒฮƒฟƒฯƒฟƒิƒึƒฯ?ƒฦƒลƒศƒร ƒะƒัƒลƒห ƒฅƒฮƒรƒวƒฯƒึƒัƒวƒศ? ƒฐƒาƒสƒสƒฟƒิ?ƒฟ, ƒรƒห? ƒสƒรƒั? ƒัƒอ ƒฦ?ƒหƒฟƒัƒอ ƒัƒอƒา ƒภƒฟƒะƒวƒษƒว? ƒัƒล? ƒฅƒฮƒร?ƒฯƒอƒา ƒฎ?ƒฯƒฯƒอƒา (272 ƒฮ.ƒด.) ƒล ƒฉƒรƒาƒศ?ƒยƒฟ ƒศƒฟƒั?ƒะƒัƒล ƒฟƒหƒรƒฬ?ƒฯƒัƒลƒัƒล ƒศƒฟƒว ƒฮƒฯƒอƒะƒิ?ƒฯƒลƒะƒร ƒะƒัƒอ ƒจƒอƒวƒห? ƒัƒึƒห ƒŸƒศƒฟƒฯƒห?ƒหƒึƒห. Tƒอ 197 ƒฮ.X. ƒาƒฮƒอƒั?ƒิƒฦƒลƒศƒร ƒะƒัƒอƒา? Pƒึƒสƒฟ?ƒอƒา? ƒศƒฟƒว ƒรƒหƒั?ƒิƒฦƒลƒศƒร ƒะƒัƒลƒห ƒรƒฮƒฟƒฯƒิ?ƒฟ ƒัƒล? Nƒวƒศ?ƒฮƒอƒษƒล?. ƒฑƒฟ ƒฟƒฯƒิƒฟƒวƒอƒษƒอƒมƒวƒศ? ƒยƒรƒยƒอƒส?ƒหƒฟ ƒสƒฟƒฯƒัƒาƒฯƒอ?ƒห ƒัƒล ƒะƒาƒห?ƒิƒวƒะƒล ƒัƒล? ƒฟƒหƒฦƒฯ?ƒฮƒวƒหƒล? ƒฮƒฟƒฯƒอƒาƒะ?ƒฟ? ƒะƒัƒอ ƒหƒลƒะ? ?? ƒศƒฟƒว ƒัƒอƒห 3ƒอ ƒฟƒว. ƒส.ƒด. Kƒฟƒั? ƒัƒอƒา? ƒฮƒฯ?ƒัƒอƒา? Bƒาƒฤƒฟƒหƒัƒวƒหƒอ?? Xƒฯ?ƒหƒอƒา? ƒฟƒห?ƒศƒร ƒะƒัƒลƒห ƒรƒฮƒฟƒฯƒิ?ƒฟ Aƒิƒฟ?ƒฟ? ƒศƒฟƒว ƒมƒห?ƒฯƒวƒะƒร ƒฮƒรƒฯ?ƒอƒยƒอ ƒฮƒฟƒฯƒฟƒศƒส??. ƒฅ ƒฉƒรƒาƒศ?ƒยƒฟ ƒฟƒศƒอƒษƒอ?ƒฦƒลƒะƒร ƒัƒลƒห ƒั?ƒิƒล ƒัƒึƒห ?ƒษƒษƒึƒห Eƒฮƒัƒฟƒห?ƒะƒึƒห ƒศƒฟƒว ƒสƒรƒั? ƒัƒลƒห ƒศƒฟƒั?ƒษƒลƒีƒล ƒัƒล? Kƒึƒหƒะƒัƒฟƒหƒัƒวƒหƒอ?ƒฮƒอƒษƒล? ƒฟƒฮ? ƒัƒอƒา? ƒณƒฯ?ƒมƒศƒอƒา? (1204) ƒฮ?ƒฯƒฟƒะƒร ƒะƒัƒอ ƒขƒรƒะƒฮƒอƒั?ƒัƒอ ƒัƒล? Hƒฮƒร?ƒฯƒอƒา. ƒฐƒัƒฟ ƒศƒฟƒัƒอƒฮƒวƒห? ƒิƒฯ?ƒหƒวƒฟ ?ƒษƒษƒฟƒฬƒร ƒยƒว?ƒำƒอƒฯƒอƒา? ƒศƒาƒฯ?ƒอƒา?, ƒึƒะ?ƒัƒอƒา ƒฮ?ƒฯƒฟƒะƒร ƒะƒัƒลƒห ƒศƒาƒฯƒวƒฟƒฯƒิ?ƒฟ ƒัƒล? ƒอƒวƒศƒอƒม?ƒหƒรƒวƒฟ? ƒัƒึƒห T?ƒศƒศƒึƒห. ƒฎƒฟƒฯ? ƒัƒว? ƒฮƒฯƒอƒะƒฮ?ƒฦƒรƒวƒร? ƒัƒึƒห ƒฃƒหƒรƒั?ƒห ƒัƒอ ƒหƒลƒะ? ƒอƒาƒะƒวƒฟƒะƒัƒวƒศ? ƒฮ?ƒฯƒฟƒะƒร ƒะƒัƒอƒา? Tƒอ?ƒฯƒศƒอƒา? ƒสƒรƒั? ƒัƒอƒห A' ƒฃƒหƒรƒัƒอƒัƒอƒาƒฯƒศƒวƒศ? ƒฎ?ƒษƒรƒสƒอ ƒศƒฟƒว ?? ƒัƒอ 1684. ?ƒศƒัƒอƒัƒร ƒล ƒวƒะƒัƒอƒฯƒวƒศ? ƒฮƒอƒฯƒร?ƒฟ ƒัƒอƒา ƒาƒฮ?ƒฯƒฬƒร ƒศƒอƒวƒห? ƒสƒร ƒัƒึƒห ?ƒษƒษƒึƒห Eƒฮƒัƒฟƒห?ƒะƒึƒห. ƒฅ ƒฉƒรƒาƒศ?ƒยƒฟ ƒศƒฟƒว ƒัƒฟ ƒศƒอƒหƒัƒวƒห? ƒะƒร ƒฟƒาƒั? ƒหƒลƒะƒว? ƒฟƒฮƒอƒั?ƒษƒรƒะƒฟƒห ƒศƒฟƒัƒฟƒำ?ƒมƒวƒอ - ƒอƒฯƒสƒลƒั?ƒฯƒวƒอ ƒฟƒมƒึƒหƒวƒะƒั?ƒห ƒศƒฟƒั? ƒัƒลƒห ƒฃƒฮƒฟƒห?ƒะƒัƒฟƒะƒล ƒัƒอƒา 1821. ƒฑƒอ ƒหƒลƒะ?, ?ƒฮƒึ? ƒศƒฟƒว ƒัƒฟ ?ƒษƒษƒฟ ƒฃƒฮƒั?ƒหƒลƒะƒฟ, ƒรƒห?ƒฦƒลƒศƒร ƒสƒร ƒัƒลƒห ƒฃƒษƒษ?ƒยƒฟ ƒะƒัƒว? 21 ƒชƒฟ?ƒอƒา 1864.

ƒฎƒฏƒฃƒฎƒฃƒง ƒซƒŸ ƒฌƒฃƒฏƒฃƒฑƒฃ

TI NA ƒตƒถNIƒฐETE: Tƒฟ ƒำƒลƒสƒวƒะƒส?ƒหƒฟ ƒษƒรƒาƒศƒฟƒย?ƒัƒวƒศƒฟ ƒศƒรƒหƒั?ƒสƒฟƒัƒฟ ƒัƒล? ƒจƒฟƒฯƒา??. ƒฃƒฮ?ƒะƒล?, ƒษ?ƒยƒว, ƒศƒฯƒฟƒะ?, ƒะƒอƒาƒส?ƒยƒฟ (ƒฮƒอƒั? ƒฟƒฮ? ƒฮƒวƒศƒฯƒฟƒส?ƒมƒยƒฟƒษƒอ), ƒส?ƒษƒว, ƒฮƒฟƒะƒั?ƒษƒว, ƒสƒฟƒหƒัƒอƒษ?ƒัƒอ, ƒะƒฟƒษ?ƒสƒว ƒฟ?ƒฯƒอ? ƒศƒฟƒว ƒษƒอƒาƒศ?ƒหƒวƒศƒฟ. Oƒหƒอƒสƒฟƒะƒั?? ƒร?ƒหƒฟƒว ƒอƒว ƒำƒฟƒศ?? ƒัƒล? Eƒมƒศƒษƒอƒาƒภ?? ƒศƒฟƒว ƒัƒอ "ƒษƒฟƒฦƒอ?ƒฯƒว" (?ƒะƒฮƒฯƒวƒอ) ƒัƒล? ƒจƒฟƒฯƒา??.

ƒŸƒฮ? ƒัƒอƒห ƒจ?ƒษƒฟƒสƒอ, ƒฟƒฯƒัƒอƒะƒศƒรƒา?ƒะƒสƒฟƒัƒฟ, ƒมƒษƒาƒศ?, ƒษ?ƒยƒว, ƒฟƒส?ƒมƒยƒฟƒษƒฟ, ƒมƒษƒาƒศ? ƒศƒอƒาƒัƒฟƒษƒวƒอ? ƒศƒฟƒว "ƒฯƒอƒภƒฟƒห?" (ƒมƒษƒาƒศ? ƒสƒร ƒฯ?ƒฤƒว, ƒษ?ƒยƒว ƒศƒฟƒว ƒส?ƒษƒว). ƒŸƒฮ? ƒัƒอ ƒชƒรƒมƒฟƒห?ƒะƒว, ƒษ?ƒยƒว, ƒาƒำƒฟƒหƒั? ƒศƒฟƒว ƒศƒรƒหƒั?ƒสƒฟƒัƒฟ.

ƒฑƒญƒฎƒงƒจƒฃƒฐ ƒซƒญƒฐƒฑƒงƒชƒงƒฃƒฐ: ƒขƒอƒศƒวƒส?ƒะƒัƒร ƒะƒฟƒฯƒย?ƒษƒร? ƒีƒลƒั??, ƒสƒฮƒฟƒศƒฟƒษƒว?ƒฯƒอ ƒสƒฮƒว?ƒหƒศƒอ, "ƒะƒฟƒภ?ƒฯƒอ" (ƒี?ƒฯƒวƒฟ ƒสƒฟƒฯƒวƒห?ƒัƒฟ ƒสƒร ƒยƒรƒหƒัƒฯƒอƒษ?ƒภƒฟƒหƒอ, ƒฬ?ƒยƒว, ƒษ?ƒยƒว ƒศƒฟƒว ƒะƒัƒฟƒำ?ƒยƒฟ), "ƒสƒฮƒอƒาƒฯƒมƒว?ƒัƒอ" (ƒี?ƒฯƒว ƒสƒร ƒหƒัƒอƒส?ƒัƒฟ ƒศƒฟƒว ƒศƒฯƒรƒสƒส?ƒยƒว), ƒฮƒฟƒฯƒฟƒยƒอƒะƒวƒฟƒศ?? ƒฮ?ƒัƒร? (ƒษƒฟƒิƒฟƒห?ƒฮƒวƒัƒฟ, ƒศƒอƒษƒอƒศƒาƒฦ?ƒฮƒวƒัƒฟ, ƒสƒฟƒฯƒวƒย?ƒฮƒวƒัƒฟ), ƒะƒฟƒษ?ƒสƒว ƒฟ?ƒฯƒอ?, ƒษƒอƒาƒศ?ƒหƒวƒศƒฟ.

ƒฐƒัƒอƒห ƒจ?ƒษƒฟƒสƒอ, ƒี?ƒฯƒวƒฟ, ƒฟƒะƒัƒฟƒศƒอ??, "ƒฟƒษƒว?ƒยƒฟ" (ƒฤƒึƒส?? ƒีƒฟƒฯƒวƒอ? ƒสƒร ƒฮƒฟƒั?ƒัƒฟ ƒศƒฟƒว ƒะƒศ?ƒฯƒยƒอ), ƒีƒฟƒฯ?ƒฮƒวƒัƒฟ (ƒฮ?ƒัƒฟ ƒสƒร ƒสƒฟƒฯƒวƒย?ƒศƒว, ƒศƒฯƒรƒสƒส?ƒยƒว, ƒหƒัƒอƒส?ƒัƒฟ ƒศƒฟƒว ƒะƒัƒฟƒำ?ƒยƒฟ). ƒฐƒัƒอƒห ƒจƒฟƒะƒั?, ƒี?ƒฯƒวƒฟ ƒศƒฟƒว ƒฦƒฟƒษƒฟƒะƒะƒวƒห?. ƒฐƒัƒอ ƒชƒรƒมƒฟƒห?ƒะƒว, ƒิƒึƒฯƒว?ƒัƒวƒศƒล ƒฮ?ƒัƒฟ.

AN EXETE ƒฐKAƒณOƒฐ: ƒฆƒฟ ƒย?ƒะƒรƒัƒร ƒะƒัƒล ƒสƒฟƒฯ?ƒหƒฟ ƒัƒล? ƒฉƒรƒาƒศ?ƒยƒฟ? (ƒัƒลƒษ. 26450-26645), ƒัƒล ƒฉƒาƒมƒว?, ƒัƒล ƒซƒวƒศƒว?ƒหƒฟ, ƒัƒอ ƒฎƒรƒฯƒวƒมƒว?ƒษƒว, ƒัƒอ Nƒาƒยƒฯ?, ƒัƒฟ ƒฐ?ƒภƒอƒัƒฟ ƒศƒฟƒว ƒัƒล Bƒฟƒะƒวƒษƒวƒศ?. ƒญƒว ?ƒฯƒสƒอƒว ƒ ƒษƒาƒิƒอ?, ƒข?ƒะƒวƒสƒอ (ƒขƒรƒะ?ƒสƒล) ƒศƒฟƒว ƒฏƒอ?ƒยƒฟ (ƒชƒวƒศƒฯ?? ƒกƒวƒฟƒษ??) ƒฮƒฯƒอƒะƒำ?ƒฯƒอƒหƒัƒฟƒว ƒมƒวƒฟ ƒรƒษƒษƒวƒสƒรƒหƒวƒะƒส?. ƒŸƒหƒรƒำƒอƒยƒวƒฟƒะƒส?? ƒะƒร ƒศƒฟ?ƒะƒวƒสƒฟ ƒศƒฟƒว ƒหƒรƒฯ?, ƒะƒัƒลƒห ƒฮƒฯƒึƒัƒร?ƒอƒาƒะƒฟ, ƒัƒล ƒฉƒาƒมƒว?, ƒัƒล ƒซƒวƒศƒว?ƒหƒฟ, ƒัƒอ ƒฎƒรƒฯƒวƒมƒว?ƒษƒว, ƒัƒอ Nƒาƒยƒฯ? ƒศƒฟƒว ƒัƒล ƒ ƒฟƒะƒวƒษƒวƒศ?.

ƒฐƒัƒอ ƒชƒรƒมƒฟƒห?ƒะƒว, ƒฦƒฟ ƒย?ƒะƒรƒัƒร ƒะƒัƒอ ƒ ƒฟƒฦ? ƒศƒฟƒว ƒัƒฟ ƒฐƒฮ?ƒษƒวƒฟ. ?ƒฯƒสƒอƒว ƒศƒฟƒั?ƒษƒษƒลƒษƒอƒว ƒมƒวƒฟ ƒรƒษƒษƒวƒสƒรƒหƒวƒะƒส?, ƒอ ƒŸƒฦƒรƒฯƒวƒห?? ƒศƒฟƒว ƒัƒฟ ƒŸƒสƒฮƒรƒษ?ƒศƒวƒฟ.

ƒฐƒัƒอƒห ƒจ?ƒษƒฟƒสƒอ, ƒฦƒฟ ƒย?ƒะƒรƒัƒร ƒะƒัƒอ ƒษƒวƒส?ƒหƒว ƒัƒอƒา ƒหƒลƒะƒวƒอ? ƒศƒฟƒว ƒัƒลƒห ƒฃƒฮƒวƒะƒศƒอƒฮ?. ?ƒฯƒสƒอ? ƒมƒวƒฟ ƒรƒษƒษƒวƒสƒรƒหƒวƒะƒส?, ƒัƒอ ƒจƒรƒำ?ƒษƒว (ƒกƒรƒฯƒอƒษƒวƒสƒหƒว?ƒหƒฟ?).

ƒฐƒัƒอƒห ƒจƒฟƒะƒั?, ƒฦƒฟ ƒย?ƒะƒรƒัƒร ƒะƒัƒอ ƒษƒวƒส?ƒหƒว ƒัƒอƒา ƒหƒลƒะƒวƒอ? ƒศƒฟƒว ƒัƒอ ƒฐƒฟƒฯƒฟƒศ?ƒหƒวƒศƒอ.